Why become a Citizen? Becoming an Australian citizen gives you extra rights in Australia. These include: Vote Work in the Australian public service or Defence Force Seek election to parliament Apply for an Australian passport Leave and enter Australia freely Register children born overseas as Australian citizens by descent How to get Australian Citizenship You need to pass a few points before applying for citizenship. Each point has different eligibility requirements. Here are the options: Australian citizenship Australian citizenship by descent Australian citizenship by adoption Resuming your Australian citizenship Evidence of Australian Citizenship For more information go to www.border.gov.au/Trav/Citi. Applying for Citizenship having Permanent Residency If you have permanent residency and can answer yes to the two questions below you can apply for your citizenship You must: have been living in Australia on a valid Australian visa for four years immediately before applying which must include the last 12 months as a permanent resident, and not have been absent from Australia for more than one year in total, in the 4 year period, including no more than 90 days in the year before applying. Residence Requirement Calculator Check out the Residence requirement calculator to see if you meet them. For more details on citizenship visit the Australian immigration site here. *Disclaimer: While all efforts are made to ensure information is factual on this site, the Moving2Oz team recommend checking the Australian Borders site under Citizenship as it is constantly changing and updating and it would be worth your while looking at it to verify information.